Diamonds were first discovered in India, and then subsequently in Brazil. Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on earth. In fact, diamonds are so hard that the only thing that can scratch a diamond is another diamond. Diamonds also have a high melting point (3547℃ / 6420℉) and boiling point (4827℃/ 8720℉).
What is a diamond fact?
Diamonds are made of a single element—they’re nearly 100% carbon. Under the immense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a unique way that results in diamonds’ beautiful and rare crystalline structure.
Are all diamonds unique?
In fact, every diamond is unique. Diamonds come in many sizes, shapes, colors, and with various internal characteristics. All polished diamonds are valuable. That value is based on a combination of factors.
How did diamonds get their name?
The name “diamond” comes from the Greek word, “adamas” meaning unconquerable. … The diamonds make their way up the surface captured within liquid hot rock or magma. Once they reach the surface diamonds can be found in volcanic pipes called kimberlite pipes or in loose mineral deposits called alluvial deposits.
What are diamonds good for?
Because diamonds are very hard (ten on the Mohs scale), they are often used as an abrasive. Most industrial diamonds are used for that purpose. Small particles of diamond are embedded in saw blades, drill bits, and grinding wheels. These tools are then used for cutting, drilling, or grinding hard materials.
What is the rarest diamond?
Quick answer: The rarest diamond color is the red diamond. They are so rare that less than 30 true red diamonds are known to exist. They can cost $1 million per carat and most of the red diamonds in existence are less than ½ a carat in size.
What are 2 interesting facts about diamonds?
5 Fun Facts About Diamonds
- The diamond is more than a billion years old. …
- Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on earth. …
- Diamonds are made of only one element: carbon. …
- Diamonds come in every color. …
- Scientists have discovered a planet that they believe is composed mostly of carbon, and is one-third pure diamond.
Which Diamond is best?
Best diamond color based on GIA standards
According to that GIA standard, the “best” diamond color is D. (Read more about D color diamonds here.) D color diamonds are the equivalent of IF or FL grade diamonds on the clarity scale — they’re very rare, and their price definitely reflects that.
What are VVS diamonds?
Technical speaking, VVS stands for very very slightly included. That means a VVS diamond only has a tiny number of microscopic inclusions that are difficult to see under 10x magnification. The category is subdivided into VVS1 and VVS2, which are the third and fourth-best clarity grades.
Which diamond clarity is best?
For diamonds over 2 carats, a clarity grade of VS2 or higher is the safest bet for avoiding any signs of visible inclusions. In diamonds between 1 and 2 carats, clarity grades of SI1 or better will not have inclusions easily visible to the naked eye.
How rare is a diamond?
Diamonds are not particularly rare. In fact, compared to other gemstones, they’re the most common precious stone found. Generally, the cost per carat (or weight of a gemstone) is based upon a stone’s rarity; the rarer the stone, the more expensive.
Do blood diamonds still exist?
In 2006, Leonardo DiCaprio made the term “Blood Diamonds” a household phrase. A lot has been done to address the issue of blood diamonds and conflict diamonds since then, but unfortunately, we still have a ways to go. The diamond trade is an 81 billion dollars industry with 65% of mined diamonds coming from Africa.
Why is diamond so precious?
It is one of the most admired stones on the planet earth and has been one of the most sought after jewels for thousands of years. Diamonds were formed billions of years ago and are extremely rare because so few are able to survive the difficult journey from the pits of the earth to reach the earth’s surface.
Why is Diamond bad?
The diamond mining industry is destroying our environment. A lot of diamond mining is unregulated and therefore there is no control over its impact on the environment. … If that wasn’t bad enough, they are also releasing extensive amounts of carbon emissions into the air from diamond exploration and mining.
How much is a 1 carat diamond?
In general, a 1 carat diamond costs between $1,800 and $12,000. The cost depends on factors such as the Cut quality, Clarity, Color and Shape of the diamond. Cut quality is the aspect that most greatly impacts a 1 carat diamond’s price and its beauty.
Which Diamond is costly?
Though the most expensive diamond in the world is the oval-shaped legendary Koh-I-Noor, weighing a massive 105.6 carat and the most expensive diamond, we do not know the actual price of it. Steeped in mystery and legend, the stone is believed to have been mined in India in the 1300s.