2016 • 107 Pages • 1.96 MB • English

Posted April 14, 2020 • Uploaded
by nbogisich

PREVIEW PDF

Page 1

Iowa State University Capstones, Teses and Retrospective Teses and Dissertations Dissertations 1969 Generalized integral transforms Dale Murray Rognlie Iowa State University Follow this and additional works at: htps://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd Part of the Mathematics Commons Recommended Citation Rognlie, Dale Murray, "Generalized integral transforms " (1969). Retrospective Teses and Dissertations. 3598. htps://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/3598 Tis Dissertation is brought to you for free and open access by the Iowa State University Capstones, Teses and Dissertations at Iowa State University Digital Repository. It has been accepted for inclusion in Retrospective Teses and Dissertations by an authorized administrator of Iowa State University Digital Repository. For more information, please contact [email protected]

Page 2

This dissertation has been 69-20,664 microfilmed exactly as received ROGNME, Dale Murray, 1933- GENEBÂUZED INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS. Iowa State University, PhJ)., 1969 Mathematics University Microfihns, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan

Page 3

GENERALIZED INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS by Dale Murray Rogniie A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty in Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Major Subjects: Applied Mathematics Education Approved: Signature was redacted for privacy. Signature was redacted for privacy. Signature was redacted for privacy. Iowa State University Aiaes, Iowa 1969

Page 4

ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. INTRODUCTION 1 II. GENERALIZATION PROCEDURE, A MULTIPLE- INTEGRAL REPRESENTATION 5 A. Definitions 5 B. Existence of F in the Riemann Sense 9 C. Existence of F in the Lebesgue Sense 16 D. Properties of F 19 E. Some Special Cases 20 III. PROPERTIES OF THE FOURIER, LAPLACE AND STIELTJES TRANSFORMS 22 A. Introduction . 22 B. The Fourier Transform 22 C. The Inverse Fourier Transform 29 D. The Laplace Transform 33 E. The Inverse Laplace Transform 34 F. The Stieltjes Transform 36 IV. GENERALIZED TRANSFORMS BY THE METHOD OF MULTIPLE INTEGRALS " 40 A. Introduction 40 B. The Fourier Transform in the Case of Real Variables 42 C. The Fourier Transform in the Case of Complex Variables 44 D. The Inverse Fourier Transform 46 E. The Laplace Transform 48 I

Page 5

iii Page P. The Inverse Laplace Transform 51 G. The Stieltjes Transform 51 V. GENERALIZED TRANSFORMS BY THE METHOD OF CONTOUR INTEGRATION 55 A. Introduction 55 B. Analytic Continuation of R 57 C. Analytic Continuation of F^^^ 57 D. Some Special Cases 58 E. Sufficient Conditions for the Existence of the Generalized Transform by Contour Integration 59 F. The Fourier Transform 61 G. The Laplace Transform 63 H. The Stieltjes Transform 64 VI. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF THE GENERALIZED TRANSFORMS 67 A. Introduction 67 B. Operational Properties of the Generalized Transforms 70 C. Relation of the Generalized Transforms to Other Transforms 77 D. Applications of the Generalized Laplace Transform 82 E. Applications of the Generalized Stieltjes Transform 90 VII. BIBLIOGRAPHY 99 VIII. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 102

Page 6

1 I. INTRODUCTICKi A very extensive literature on the Fourier and Laplace transforms exists today. Among the classical treatments are the books by Titchmarsh (1937} and Wiener (1933) on the Fourier transform and those by Doetsch (1950) and Widder (1941) on the Laplace transform. The Stieltjes transform has not been investigated as thoroughly, but Widder (1941) devotes one chapter to it. Brief recent surveys are given by Goldberg (1965) for the Fourier transform and by Hirschman and Widder (1965) for the Laplace and Stieltjes transforms. Various types of generalizations have been made for these transforms. The best known is the multidimensional Laplace transform of the form ^ £(s^ s^> = ^ ^ where the transform is a function of several variables. Other types of generalizations of the Laplace transform are given by Meijer (1941) and Varma (1951), in which the kernel e is replaced by a Whittaker function ^(st), sometimes multiplied by an elementary function of s and t. For appropriate values of k and m, the new kernel reduces to e In the same paper Varma (1951) defines a generalization of the Stieltjes transform which also involves W^ How-

Page 7

2 cvsr, these generalizations lead to transforms which are functions of a single variable. In a recent paper Carlson (1969) developed a method for generalizing an analytic function f of a single complex variable to an analogous function F of several complex variables Two integral representations are given. One is a multiple-integral representation which is defined as a suitable average of f over the convex hull of The other is a contour-integral representation which is a generalization of Cauchy's integral formula. The latter representation can be used to continue F analyti- cally in the variables as well as in the parameters which enter through the generalization process. The analogue function F has many useful properties and is relevant to applied mathematics in that it is related to hypergeometric functions, repeated integrals, fractional integrals, mean values, divided differences, and integral transforms. In this dissertation we shall use the results of Carlson (1969) to generalize the Fourier, Laplace and Stieltjes transforms to functions of several variables. We shall use both the multiple-integral representation and the contour- integral representation for the direct transforms but only the multiple-integral representation for the inverse Fourier and inverse Laplace transforms. We shall not be concerned with the inverse Stieltjes transform since no suitable

Page 8

3 integral formula for it exists» In Chapter II we discuss the multiple-integral repre- sentation of F as defined by Carlson (1969) when P is the generalization of an analytic function f of one complex variable. We study also the existence of this representation of F, both as a (possibly improper) Riemann integral and as a Lebesgue integral when f is a function of a single real variable. We specify rather minimal conditions on f which guarantee the existence of F for each type of integral. We also determine some functional properties of F which are related to those of f, and find the generalization of Fourier, Laplace and Stieltjes kernels. In Chapter III we collect some useful lemmas concerning the properties of the ordinary Fourier, Laplace and Stieltjes transforms and also the inverse Fourier and inverse Laplace transforms. We state these propositions as sufficient conditions on a function which guarantee that its ordinary transform exists as a Lebesgue integral, is finite and possesses certain properties (such as continuity or analyti- city) on a specified domain. In Chapter IV we use the results of the previous two chapters to generalize the Fourier, Laplace and Stieltjes transforms and the inverse Fourier and inverse Laplace trans- forms to functions of several variables. In each case it is shown (by using Fubini's theorem) that replacing the kernel

Page 9

4 by the generalise*? kernel has the effect of replacing the ordinary transform by its generalization in several variables. In this chapter, all generalizations are defined by the multiple-integral representation. In Chapter V we discuss the contour-integral represen- tation of F as defined by Carlson (1969). We then follow the same procedure as in the previous chapter, this time using the contour-integral representation but limiting the discussion to the three direct transforms. The results of the two chapters are similar in character but the conditions of validity are somewhat different. Finally, in Chapter VI we show that the generalized integral transforms possess some but not all of the operation- al properties of the corresponding ordinary transforms. We show also that the generalized transforms are related to each other and to some other integral transforms and that the generalized Laplace transform of f is not equivalent to the multidimensional Laplace transform of F, where F is the generalization of f. We then use both the generalized Laplace and Stieltjes transforms to find some ordinary Laplace and Stieltjes transforms which are not listed in existing tables of transforms.

Page 10

5 II.. GENERAUX ZÀTIOti PROCEDURE, A MULTIPLE- INTEGRAL REPRESENTATION A. Definitions Let f be a function defined on a domain D in the complex plane C^. We will show here a method for generalizing f to an analogous function F (denoted by f F) of k complex variables (i=l,...,k), by means of a multiple integral representation which defines an average of f over the convex hull K(z) of (Carlson, 1969). We denote the k complex variables by the ordered k-tuple . z=(z^,...,z^) which may be visualized as either a set of k points in the complex plane C^ or as a single point in the space C of k complex dimensions. Let b=(b^,...,b^) be an ordered k-tuple of complex parameters such that Re(b^)>0, (i=l,...,k), which we abbreviate to Re(b)>0, and define k c = E b.. Also let u=(u,f...fU,) be an ordered k-tuple of i=l 1 Ik real weights such that the following conditions hold: a) 0 < u. < 1, (i = 1, ,k), — i — (2.1) k-1 b) E U. <1, = l-Ui-Ug- -\-l - i—X k—1 We denote by E the simplex in R defined by (2.1) and let u' = (uj^r... represent a point in E.

Some classes of integral transforms on distribution spaces and generalized asymptotics

2014 • 137 Pages • 2.31 MB

Integral Transforms Math 2025

2004 • 126 Pages • 1.45 MB

Tables of Integral Transforms

2013 • 467 Pages • 50.45 MB

Tables of Integral Transforms

2013 • 402 Pages • 56.58 MB

Integral Geometry and Radon Transforms

2011 • 308 Pages • 2.23 MB

Integral transforms and their applications

2015 • 806 Pages • 4.4 MB

Integral Transforms and their Applications

1985 • 427 Pages • 1.91 MB

Integral Transforms and Their Applications

1978 • 427 Pages • 8.35 MB

Integral transforms and their applications

2007 • 703 Pages • 3.04 MB

Integral Transforms and Their Applications

2006 • 708 Pages • 3.13 MB

Integral Transforms and Their Applications

2006 • 703 Pages • 5.6 MB

Integral Transforms and Their Applications

2006 • 703 Pages • 5.58 MB

Integral transforms and their applications

2015 • 806 Pages • 7.17 MB

Integral Transforms in Applied Mathematics

1971 • 109 Pages • 3.08 MB

Integral Geometry and Radon Transforms

2012 • 316 Pages • 2.25 MB

Integral geometry and Radon transforms

2011 • 316 Pages • 2.24 MB